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IND Concourse Line

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IND Concourse Line
"B" train "D" train
The B train serves the IND Concourse Line south of Bedford Park Boulevard during weekday rush hours only while the D train serves the entire line at all times.
OwnerCity of New York
LocaleManhattan and The Bronx
TypeRapid transit
SystemNew York City Subway
Operator(s)New York City Transit Authority
Daily ridership137,479[1]
Line length6.5 miles (10.5 km)[3]
Number of tracks2-3
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification600V DC third rail
Route map

Provision for
White Plains Road extension
Norwood–205th Street
Bedford Park Boulevard
Kingsbridge Road
Fordham Road
182nd–183rd Streets
Tremont Avenue
174th–175th Streets
170th Street
167th Street
161st Street–Yankee Stadium
155th Street
145th Street
Eighth Avenue on upper level
Concourse on lower level

The Concourse Line is an IND rapid transit line of the New York City Subway system. It runs from 205th Street in Norwood, Bronx, primarily under the Grand Concourse, to 145th Street in Harlem, Manhattan. It is the only B Division line in the Bronx, and also the only line in the Bronx with all stations underground.

Description and service[edit]

The following services use part or all of the IND Concourse Line:[4]

  Time period Section of line
rush hours other times
"B" train local no service south of Bedford Park Blvd
"D" train express (peak direction only) local entire line
Passing over 175th Street

The Concourse Line runs north to south through the Bronx and portions of Harlem, parallel to the mostly-elevated IRT Jerome Avenue Line which lies between two and four blocks to the west for its entire length in the Bronx.[5] Due to the steep topography of the neighborhoods surrounding the Grand Concourse (under which most of the line runs), several stations were built with entrances both above and below the platforms, including 167th Street and Kingsbridge Road. Because the line also connected with Yankee Stadium at 161st Street and with the former Polo Grounds at 155th Street, there were also several switches and a storage track to accommodate additional trains during game days.[6]

The line begins as a two-track line at Norwood–205th Street, running east-to-west underneath East 205th Street, then under private property, then for a short portion under Van Cortlandt Avenue.[7][8][9][10] As it travels west, a center track forms which leads to the Concourse Yard. The line then curves south at Mosholu Parkway to the Grand Concourse, from which it derives its name, at 206th Street.[7][8][9] Two tracks from the Concourse Yard arrive between the two revenue tracks with switches and diamond crossovers between all four of them before the yard tracks merge to form the center track at the Bedford Park Boulevard station.[7][8] The center track was intended to be used by southbound express trains in the morning and by northbound express trains in the afternoon.[6]

South of Bedford Park Boulevard, after some crossovers, the two outer tracks depress into a lower level and merge into a single center express track, while the center track splits to become the local tracks. The line then runs south with diamond crossovers at Tremont Avenue. Due to the terrain, the vicinity of 174th–175th Street station is uniquely built both underground and over 175th Street. Between 170th Street and 167th Street are more switches and crossovers, with a lay-up track adjacent to the Manhattan-bound local track.[7] The line curves west before 161st Street–Yankee Stadium and crosses the Harlem River into Manhattan via the Concourse Tunnel. There is one more stop, 155th Street, before the line curves south under Saint Nicholas Place, continuing under Saint Nicholas Avenue south of 148th Street.[7] The Concourse Line then serves the lower level of the 145th Street station and joins the IND Eighth Avenue Line south of the station.[6][7]



The IND Concourse Line, also referred to as the Bronx−Concourse Line, was one of the original lines of the city-owned Independent Subway System (IND).[5][11] The line running from Bedford Park Boulevard to the IND Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan was approved by the New York City Board of Transportation on March 10, 1925, with the connection between the two lines approved on March 24, 1927.[12] The line was originally intended to be four tracks, rather than three tracks, to Bedford Park Boulevard.[11][12] This is the only IND line with three tracks (all other IND lines have either two or four tracks). The Concourse line's lower level of the 145th Street station was originally provisioned for four tracks, with the current tracks lining up with those of the upper level.[7]

Construction of the line began in July 1928.[12] It was originally planned to end the line just past the Bedford Park Boulevard station, with a provision for an eastern extension.[11][13] An alternate approach to the current 205th Street station was proposed in February 1929, extending the line across private property onto Perry Avenue.[14] The current routing was selected by June 1929.[8] The building of the line and proposed extensions to central and eastern Bronx (see below) led to real estate booms in the area.[12] The line was supposed to be completed by January 1933, but this was delayed due to financial difficulties following the Wall Street Crash of 1929.[15] Test trains began running on June 18, 1933, when 700 IND employees started operating test trains on a regular schedule. The final cost was $40.5 million.[15][16]


The entire Concourse Line opened on July 1, 1933,[3][17] less than ten months after the IND's first line, the IND Eighth Avenue Line, opened for service. Initial service was provided by the C train, at that time an express train, between 205th Street, then via the Eighth Avenue Line, Cranberry Street Tunnel and the IND South Brooklyn Line (now Culver Line) to Bergen Street.[17] The CC provided local service between Bedford Park Boulevard and Hudson Terminal (now World Trade Center).[17] Trains initially ran every 4 minutes during rush hours, every 5 minutes during the daytime off-peak, and every 12 minutes at night. The timetable called for 92 express trains and 247 local trains a day.[15][16] In addition to peak-direction express service (southbound in the morning and northbound in the afternoon), there was a "theater express" service, which ran southbound toward the Theater District for about half an hour during the evening.[15]

On December 15, 1940, with the opening of the IND Sixth Avenue Line, the D train began serving the IND Concourse Line along with the C and CC. It made express stops in peak during rush hours and Saturdays and local stops at all other times. C express service was discontinued in 1949-51, but the C designation was reinstated in 1985 when the use of double letters to indicate local service was discontinued. During this time, the D made local stops along the Concourse Line at all times except rush hours, when the C ran local to Bedford Park Boulevard. On March 1, 1998, the B train replaced the C as the rush-hour local on the Concourse Line, with the C moving to the Washington Heights portion of the Eighth Avenue Line.[18]

Kingsbridge Road was rehabilitated with new elevators in December 2014.[19][20] The 2015–2019 MTA Capital Plan called for the Concourse Line's 167th Street and 174th–175th Streets stations, along with 30 others, to undergo a complete overhaul as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative. Updates would include cellular service, Wi-Fi, USB charging stations, interactive service advisories and maps, improved signage, and improved station lighting.[21][22] 174th–175th Streets reopened on December 26, 2018.[23][24]

In June 2022, the MTA announced that the express track would be closed starting that July, with D trains using the local tracks at all times until the end of 2022. The closure would allow the MTA to conduct structural repairs to the line, including steel and concrete work; the project was to be completed in September 2024.[25][26] During that time, the line would also be closed for 40 weekends, and there would be overnight work for 75 weeks. The MTA would operate a shuttle bus between Norwood–205th Street and the 4 train at Mosholu Parkway station.[26]

Provisions for expansion[edit]

The Concourse Line is mostly straight north of 161st Street–Yankee Stadium, but makes a slight right turn north of Bedford Park Boulevard to end at Norwood–205th Street, with a provision to extend farther east.[5][12] The original IND Second System Plan in 1929 proposed extending the line to Baychester Avenue via Burke Avenue and Boston Road. The extension, called "Route 106", was proposed to run elevated over Bronx Park in the lower-deck of a viaduct connecting 205th Street and Burke Avenue.[5][12][27][28] The first stop on the extension would have been at White Plains and Gun Hill Roads.[29] The Second System plans had multiple IND lines criss-crossing the five boroughs;[5] however, the country was in the midst of the Great Depression, and the city had neither the money nor the need to either extend the line east of 205th Street or make the line four tracks.[12] A second plan in the 1930s had an additional extension along Burke Avenue to the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway, running north along the railroad to Dyre Avenue. Preliminary engineering work for the extension along Burke Avenue took place in 1937 and 1938.[12] The city, however, found it easier and less expensive to purchase the railroad (now the IRT Dyre Avenue Line) and connect it with the IRT White Plains Road Line, which hampered the Burke Avenue−Boston Road extension of the Concourse Line to Baychester Avenue.[12] In the 1960s and 1970 under the city's Program for Action, it was proposed to extend the line a short distance to White Plains Road and Burke Avenue, at the IRT White Plains Road Line.[30] Financial troubles also caused the plan to be aborted.

Station listing[edit]

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays during the day Stops weekdays during the day
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Time period details
Disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Disabled access ↓
Elevator access to mezzanine only
Disabled access Station Tracks Services Opened Transfers and notes
Norwood Norwood–205th Street all D all times July 1, 1933
Center track begins from connection to Concourse Yard
Bedford Park Disabled access Bedford Park Boulevard all B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.D all times July 1, 1933 Northern terminal of B trains
Disabled access Kingsbridge Road all B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.D all times July 1, 1933
Fordham Heights Fordham Road all B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.D all times July 1, 1933 Bx12 Select Bus Service
Connection to Metro-North Railroad (Harlem and New Haven Lines at Fordham)
182nd–183rd Streets local B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.D all except rush hours, peak direction July 1, 1933
Tremont Disabled access Tremont Avenue all B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.D all times July 1, 1933
174th–175th Streets local B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.D all except rush hours, peak direction July 1, 1933
Highbridge 170th Street local B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.D all except rush hours, peak direction July 1, 1933
Highbridge / Concourse 167th Street local B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.D all except rush hours, peak direction July 1, 1933
Disabled access 161st Street–Yankee Stadium local B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.D all except rush hours, peak direction July 1, 1933 Bx6 Select Bus Service
IRT Jerome Avenue Line (4 all times)
Connection to Metro-North Railroad (Hudson Line at Yankees–East 153rd Street)
Crosses Harlem River into Manhattan via the Concourse Tunnel
Harlem 155th Street local B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.D all except rush hours, peak direction July 1, 1933
145th Street all B weekdays during the dayD all times September 10, 1932 IND Eighth Avenue Line (A all timesC all except late nights)
Merges with IND Eighth Avenue Line (B weekdays during the dayD all times)


  1. ^ "Annual Subway Ridership (2018–2023)". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2023. Retrieved April 20, 2024.
  2. ^ nycsubway.org—The Independent's Expansion in the 1930s
  3. ^ a b "Bronx-Concourse New Subway Link Opened at 12:57 A.M.: Adds 21 1/2 Miles to City's System−Connects With Manhattan Line at 145th". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. July 1, 1933. p. 20. Retrieved October 26, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. Open access icon
  4. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2019. Retrieved September 22, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e Duffus, R.L. (September 22, 1929). "Our Great Subway Network Spreads Wider – New Plans of Board of Transportation Involve the Building of More Than One Hundred Miles of Additional Rapid Transit Routes for New York". The New York Times. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
  6. ^ a b c "City Subway Extension, Opening Saturday, Gives New Bronx Link: 6½-Mile Section Follows Concourse, Dips Under Harlem, Joins Independent's Line at 145th St. Underground Stations at 2 Baseball Parks; New System Expected To Be Less Noisy, Cooler in Summer Where Passengers Will Go Upstairs to Board Subway Trains". New York Herald Tribune. June 25, 1933. p. A5. ProQuest 1114643923.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ a b c d "Opens Subway Bids: Estimate Board Gets Twelve Offers for Bronx Work" (PDF). The New York Times. June 8, 1929. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  9. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: neighborhood". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2018. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  10. ^ "City Soon to Launch $600,000,000 Subway for the East Side – Delaney to Submit Plans for New System Including the Bronx in Two Months" (PDF). The New York Times. April 5, 1929. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  11. ^ a b c "New Subway Routes in Hylan Program to Cost $186,046,000". The New York Times. March 21, 1925. p. 1. ISSN 0362-4331.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Joseph B. Raskin (November 1, 2013). The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-5369-2. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
  13. ^ "Board Speeds Subway on Grand Concourse – Bids on Last Section Expected Before New Year – Eastern Spur Contemplated" (PDF). The New York Times. September 2, 1928. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "Subway Extension Urged" (PDF). The New York Times. February 24, 1929. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  15. ^ a b c d "New Bronx Subway to Operate July 1; City Extension to 205th Street to Be Opened Two Months Ahead of Schedule". The New York Times. June 18, 1933. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 1, 2022.
  16. ^ a b "3th Av. Subway Link to Bronx Opens on July 1: Concourse Line Will Be Ready Two Months Earlier Than Expected Test Trains Running Queens Service Expected to Start on August 1". New York Herald Tribune. June 18, 1933. p. 12. ProQuest 1114759078.
  17. ^ a b c "New Bronx Subway Starts Operation". The New York Times. July 1, 1933. Retrieved February 13, 2010.
  18. ^ "Broadway Junction Transportation Study: NYC Department of City Planning Final Report-November 2008" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. November 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 6, 2010. Retrieved October 27, 2015.
  19. ^ "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting January 2013" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 31, 2013. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  20. ^ "Elevators up and running at Bronx subway stop". bronx.news12.com. News 12 The Bronx. December 19, 2014. Archived from the original on October 1, 2015. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
  21. ^ Whitford, Emma (January 8, 2016). "MTA Will Completely Close 30 Subway Stations For Months-Long "Revamp"". Gothamist. Archived from the original on August 1, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
  22. ^ "MTAStations" (PDF). governor.ny.gov. Government of the State of New York. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
  23. ^ NYCT Subway [@NYCTSubway] (December 26, 2018). "We're back! The 174-175 Sts B/D station has reopened with: ✅Repaired platform structural steel and concrete ✅Replaced platform edges and repaired stairways ✅Added new digital wayfinding and customer information screens" (Tweet). Archived from the original on December 27, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2018 – via Twitter.
  24. ^ "Planned Service Changes for: Thursday, December 27, 2018". travel.mtanyct.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on December 27, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  25. ^ "MTA to begin next phase of concourse line reconstruction on B and D Lines in the Bronx". Mass Transit Magazine. June 13, 2022. Retrieved July 1, 2022.
  26. ^ a b Rivoli, Dan (June 28, 2022). "MTA to 'refresh' Grand Concourse stations during rehab work". Spectrum News NY1 New York City. Retrieved July 1, 2022.
  27. ^ "City Board Votes New Subway Links". The New York Times. March 19, 1937. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  28. ^ "$101,200,000 Asked for 1930 Work on Tubes: Projects Include Jay, Fulton, Crosstown and Queens City Subways". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. January 14, 1930. Retrieved September 16, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
  29. ^ "To Auction Bronx Lots Today". The New York Times. September 28, 1929. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 28, 2016.
  30. ^ "Full text of "Metropolitan transportation, a program for action. Report to Nelson A. Rockefeller, Governor of New York."". Internet Archive. November 7, 1967. Retrieved October 1, 2015.

External links[edit]

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