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Oral contraceptive pill

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Oral contraceptives, abbreviated OCPs, also known as birth control pills, are medications taken by mouth for the purpose of birth control. The introduction of the birth control pill (the Pill) in 1960 revolutionized the options for contraception, sparking vibrant discussion in the scientific and social science literature and in the media. Much attention focused on issues of women's rights, including ethics and personal choice. But the Pill also introduced new questions about risk. [1]


Two types of female oral contraceptive pill, taken once per day, are widely available:

Emergency contraception pills ("morning after pills") are taken at the time of intercourse, or within a few days afterwards:



  1. ^ Lackie E, Fairchild A. The birth control pill, thromboembolic disease, science and the media: a historical review of the relationship. Contraception. 2016 Oct;94(4):295-302. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2016.06.009. Epub 2016 Jun 22. PMID 27343747.